Pictograph Misc

     The term “pictograph,” is derived from the Latin “pictus” meaning picture, and the Greek “graphos” meaning drawn. This a term which describes an image or symbol used to convey an idea or other information. 

     Prehistoric rock art is separated into two categories, the first being pictographs, which were created by painting images onto the surface of rocks using natural pigments. The second type; petroglyphs are created by incising or chipping the rock surface with stone tools, sometimes referred to as ‘pecking.’

 

Ojibwe fun facts

 

     The word Anishinaabe, is a name the Ojibwe and Algonquin people use to refer to themselves. There are alternate spellings of the word.  The plural form; Anishnaabeg, translates to; “original people.”

    The Ojibwe language is called: Anishinaabemowin.

Ojibwe, is also anglicized as Ojibway or Ojibwa, and all three words may be considered correct. The alternate anglicization: Chippewa, is more common in the U.S. than Canada, especially around the Great Lakes. The spelling most commonly encountered in Canada is Ojibway. 

         

     While Chippewa and Ojibwe refer to the same people, these words were derived from different pronunciations. The term Chippewa comes from the Algonquin word; ‘otchipwa’ which translated means; ‘to pucker.’  Early trappers and sign talkers, when describing these people, would refer to the uniquely gathered seams found on Ojibwe moccasins.   

     These early traders, many of whom were French, when looking at the ledgers of trading posts or forts would pronounce the word otchipwa as ‘chipway,’ or ‘ohchipway,’ which eventually became corrupted to Chippewa or Ojibway.

     The Anishinaabe-Ojibwe people comprise the second largest tribe in North America. Their reservations and communities span 5 American States and 3 Canadian Provinces. This is a land mass larger than any other federally recognized tribe.

Vermilion

 

     In North America in the 1700’s, Traders began showing up with Vermilion, a poisonous compound derived from Cinnabar ore, containing mercuric sulfide. Vermilion had been used for a long time by European painters (with disastrous results to their health), and was being plied in trade to American Indians since it was sought by them for ceremonial use.

 

     During this period, Vermilion became a favored trade item for Native Americans and they soon began applying the substance to their faces, bodies, and robes. Over time, the native practice of covering large parts of the body with Vermilion, or using it to dye clothing or objects, had a tragic effect on health. Once it was discovered that Vermilion was toxic, its use was eventually discontinued by Native peoples.

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